Cambridge University was a university constituency electing two customers into the British House of Commons, from 1603 to 1950.
Boundaries, Electorate and Election Systems
This institution constituency was made by a Royal Charter of 1603. It was abolished in 1950 because of the Representation of the People Act 1948.
The constituency had not been a geographical location. Its electorate consisted of the students of the University. Before 1918 the franchise had been restricted to male graduates with a Doctorate or MA degree. Sedgwick files that there had been 377 electors in 1727. When it comes to 1754–1790 period Namier and Brooke estimated the electorate at about 500.
The constituency returned two people in Parliament. Before 1918 they were elected utilising the block vote. From 1918, the MPs were chosen by the Single Transferable Vote method.
During the early 18th century the electors had been mostly Tory. Nevertheless the Whig ministers of King George we had the ability to convince the King to make use of the royal prerogative capacity to confer doctorates, therefore from 1727 the University came back Whig associates. Oxford University, where the King did not have exactly the same prerogative energy, stayed safely Tory (certainly usually Jacobite) in sympathies.
The Key mid-18th century Whig politician, the Duke of Newcastle, ended up being Chancellor for the University from 1748–68. He "recommended" appropriate applicants to represent the establishment in Parliament. This rehearse carried on under their successor, another Whig Duke and Prime Minister (1768–1770), the Duke of Grafton (Chancellor 1768–1811). However Grafton had been less prominent as a politician than Newcastle was in fact and less attentive to the University. Because of this, some of Grafton's alternatives had been criticised, notably that of the Duke's friend Richard Croftes.
Croftes ended up being atypical of a University MP: he was neither the boy of a peer (like the Hon. John Townshend, the Marquess of Granby and Grafton's own child the Earl of Euston), a distinguished lawyer-politician (such as for instance William de gray, James Mansfield and Sir Vicary Gibbs) nor a prominent governmental figure (like William Pitt and Lord Henry Petty).
In the belated 18th and early nineteenth hundreds of years Pittite/Tory applicants started initially to be chosen. At the start of this political development some of the Pittite MPs, like William Pitt himself (MP when it comes to University 1784–1806), labeled as on their own Whigs. As time passed the division amongst the nineteenth century Tory and Whig parties became better.
Tomorrow Prime Minister, Viscount Palmerston, retained their seat as a Whig after he left the Tory ranks. But by 1831 he was defeated. After Palmerston stopped to portray the University he was elected by a territorial constituency. From after that before the 1920s most of the University MPs had been Tory/Conservative.
Even after the introduction of the single transferable vote in 1918, many Cambridge University MPs stayed Conservatives.
1603 to 1660
- Constituency produced 1603
1784 to 1950
- 1 Pitt called himself a Whig, it is usually retrospectively seen as a Tory since most of his followers (whether their particular back ground was in the Whig or Tory tradition) stumbled on call on their own the Tory celebration in ten years after Pitt's demise.
- 4 Ind. is an abbreviation for Independent.
Elections inside 1720s
- Note (1722): Stooks Smith offers Willoughby 319 ballots.
- Note (1727): abnormally, for a pre-1832 election, Stooks Smith records the sum total amount of electors for the constituency as well as the quantity just who voted; therefore a turnout figure are determined.
Elections when you look at the 1730s
- Note (1734): Goodrick ended up being an Opposition Whig
Elections inside 1750s
- Seat vacated when Finch had been appointed to a company
Elections into the 1760s
Elections within the 1780s
- Note (1780): Stooks Smith records Townshend as getting 237 votes.
- Seat vacated on Townshend becoming appointed to a workplace