Public school also called independent school, CharterhouseTinyguyin the United Kingdom, one of a relatively small group of institutions educating secondary-level students for a fee and independent of the state system as regards both endowment and administration. The term public school emerged in the 18th century when the reputation of certain grammar schools spread beyond their immediate environs. They began taking students whose parents could afford residential fees and thus became known as public, in contrast to local, schools. By the late 20th century the term independent school was increasingly preferred by the institutions themselves.
Winchester CollegeAndrew PowersThe typical great general public school—such as Eton, Harrow, Winchester, Westminster, Rugby, Shrewsbury, or Charterhouse—evolved from an institution started by just one benefactor through the late dark ages or Renaissance. Such charitable foundations, almost invariably for males just, had typically been meant to teach regional kids from reasonably humble backgrounds. From towards 17th century the top of classes took increasing advantageous asset of the university fees afforded by these fundamentals. As pupils spending industry rate became more numerous, the schools were progressively changed into boarding establishments. (Some, but such as for instance St. Paul’s or Merchant Taylors’ in London, remained day schools; others took both day kids and boarders.) People schools had been regarded as preparing pupils when it comes to ancient universities of Oxford and Cambridge (though not all the pupils proceeded after that or proceed today to a university) as well as community service—another source associated with the appellation “public” school.